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Title: Influence of grain orientation on the incipient oxidation behavior of Haynes 230 at 900 °C

Ni-based superalloy Haynes 230 is used in many applications such as very high temperature reactor (VHTR) or solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) where it is exposed to high temperature service environment. In order to improve the resistance for high temperature oxidation, the effect of crystallographic orientation on the early stage oxidation was investigated. It was demonstrated that different oxide thicknesses are formed on grains having different orientations. Comparison of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) orientation maps before and after oxidation at 900 °C indicates that grains near (111) orientation, especially with the deviation angle from <111> that is smaller than 20°, are more oxidation resistant than grains of other orientations. Correlation between the results of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to compare the oxidation rate of grains having different crystallographic orientation. The oxidation rate was found to change with the crystallographic orientation as follows (111) < (110) < (100), also it was demonstrated that the oxidation rate changes are a nearly linear function of the angle of deviation from <111> direction. The morphology of surface oxide also depends on the orientation of grains. - Highlights: • Comparison of EBSD maps before and after oxidation allowsmore » to investigate the effect of orientation on oxidation in a more direct way; • Effect of crystallographic orientation on oxidation behavior of alloy 230 is studied by combination of EBSD and AFM; • Different thickness of oxide is formed on grain with different orientation and dependence of anisotropic oxidation behavior is discussed; • The morphology of grains is also orientation dependence.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK (Canada)
  2. School of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing (China)
  3. (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22476152
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 107; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALLOYS; ANISOTROPY; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; BACKSCATTERING; CORRELATIONS; CRYSTALLOGRAPHY; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; GRAIN ORIENTATION; HAYNES ALLOYS; OXIDATION; SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE RANGE 1000-4000 K