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Title: Characterization of raw and burnt oil shale from Dotternhausen: Petrographical and mineralogical evolution with temperature

The Toarcian Posidonia shale from Dotternhausen, Germany, is quarried and burnt in a fluidized bed reactor to produce electricity. The combustion residue, namely burnt oil shale (BOS), is used in the adjacent cement work as an additive in blended cements. The starting material is a typical laminated oil shale with an organic matter content ranging from 6 to 18%. Mineral matter consists principally of quartz, feldspar, pyrite and clays. After calcination in the range, the resulting product, burnt oil shale, keeps the macroscopic layered texture however with different mineralogy (anhydrite, lime, iron oxides) and the formation of an amorphous phase. This one, studied under STEM, reveals a typical texture of incipient partial melting due to a long retention time (ca. 30 min) and quenching. An in-situ high temperature X-ray diffraction (HTXRD) allowed studying precisely the mineralogical changes associated with the temperature increase. - Highlights: • We present oil shale/burnt oil shale characterization. • The Posidonia Shale is burnt in a fluidized bed. • Mineralogical evolution with temperature is complex. • The burnt oil shale is used in composite cements.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Mines Douai, LGCgE-GCE, F-59508 Douai (France)
  2. (France)
  3. Université de Lille (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22476146
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 106; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ADDITIVES; AMORPHOUS STATE; ANHYDRITE; CLAYS; FELDSPARS; FLUIDIZED BEDS; IRON OXIDES; OIL SHALES; POROUS MATERIALS; PYRITE; QUARTZ; QUENCHING; RAW MATERIALS; RETENTION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION