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Title: Electron microscopy study of direct laser deposited IN718

The microstructure of direct laser deposited (DLD) IN718 has been investigated in detail using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results confirm that the dendrite core microstructure can be linked to the cooling rate experienced during the deposition. A ~ 100 μm wide δ partially dissolved region in the IN718 substrate was observed close to the substrate/deposit boundary. In the deposited IN718, γ/Laves eutectic constituent is the predominant minor microconstituent. Irregular and regular (small) (Nb,Ti)C carbides and a mixture of the carbides and Laves were observed. Most M{sub 3}B{sub 2} borides were nucleated around a (Nb,Ti)C carbide. Needles of δ phase precipitated from the Laves phase were also observed. A complex constituent (of Laves, δ, α-Cr, γ″, and γ matrix) is reported in IN718 for the first time. The formation of α-Cr particles could be related to Cr rejection during the formation and growth of Cr-depleted δ phase. - Highlights: • Secondary phases in IN718 deposits were identified using electron diffraction and EDS. • MC, M{sub 3}B{sub 2}, γ/Laves eutectic and γ/NbC/Laves eutectic were observed. • Needle-like δ phases were precipitated from the Laves phase. • A complex constituent (Laves, δ, α-Cr, γ″ and γ) wasmore » reported for the first time.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. School of Metallurgy and Materials, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom)
  2. Rolls-Royce plc., Derby DE24 8BJ (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22476140
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 106; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BORIDES; DEPOSITION; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; EUTECTICS; LASER RADIATION; LAVES PHASES; MICROSTRUCTURE; MIXTURES; NIOBIUM CARBIDES; PRECIPITATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SUBSTRATES; TITANIUM CARBIDES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY