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Title: Evolution of microstructure, texture and inhibitor along the processing route for grain-oriented electrical steels using strip casting

In the present work, a regular grade GO sheet was produced successively by strip casting, hot rolling, normalizing annealing, two-stage cold rolling with intermediate annealing, primary recrystallization annealing, secondary recrystallization annealing and purification. The aim of this paper was to characterize the evolution of microstructure, texture and inhibitor along the new processing route by comprehensive utilization of optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. It was found that a fine microstructure with the ferrite grain size range of 7–12 μm could be obtained in the primary recrystallization annealed sheet though a very coarse microstructure was produced in the initial as-cast strip. The main finding was that the “texture memory” effect on Goss texture started on the through-thickness intermediate annealed strip after first cold rolling, which was not similar to the “texture memory” effect on Goss texture starting on the surface layers of the hot rolled strip in the conventional production route. As a result, the origin of Goss nuclei capable of secondary recrystallization lied in the grains already presented in Goss orientation in the intermediate annealed strip after first cold rolling. Another finding was that fine and dispersive inhibitors (mainly AlN) were easy to be produced in the primarymore » recrystallization microstructure due to the initial rapid solidification during strip casting and the subsequent rapid cooling, and the very high temperature reheating usually used before hot rolling in the conventional production route could be avoided. - Highlights: • A regular grade grain-oriented electrical steel was produced. • Evolution of microstructure, texture and inhibitor was characterized. • Origin of Goss nuclei lied in the intermediate annealed strip. • A fine primary recrystallization microstructure could be produced. • Effective inhibitors were easy to be obtained in the new processing route.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [4] ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, P.O. Box 105, Shenyang 110819 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology at Weihai, 264209 (China)
  4. Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials, Ministry of Education, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22476138
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 106; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINIUM NITRIDES; ANNEALING; CASTING; COOLING; GRAIN SIZE; LAYERS; PURIFICATION; RECRYSTALLIZATION; ROLLING; SILICON; SOLIDIFICATION; STEELS; SURFACES; THICKNESS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION