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Title: Analysis of integrity and microstructure of linear friction welded Waspaloy

Nickel-base superalloy, Waspaloy, was linear friction welded (LFWed) under different axial shortening conditions of 2.0, 3.4, and 4.6 mm. The tensile properties and microhardness of the weldments were investigated in the as-LFWed condition and compared with those in the post-weld heat treated (PWHTed) condition. Mechanical properties were related to microstructures following examination by optical microscopy, high resolution scanning electron microscopy, and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Analyses of the EBSD results in terms of the misorientation angle distribution, which represents the stored energy, were performed. In the as-LFWed condition, the yield strength (YS) and ultimate tensile strength (UTS) increased with axial shortening due to greater expulsion of the softened interfacial material toward the periphery as flash. In contrast, with increasing axial shortening the total elongation initially remained constant and then decreased. This was also related to the expulsion of the softened interfacial material into the bifurcated flash. Extensive dissolution of the strengthening phase (γ′) in the weld area during linear friction welding (LFW) contributed to the lower YS and UTS in the as-welded condition compared to the PWHTed condition where the γ′ particles were recovered. After performing post-weld heat treatment (PWHT), the total elongation improved due to the relaxation of storedmore » energy and grain growth in the thermomechanically affected zone (TMAZ). - Highlights: • Tensile property and microstructure in Waspaloy linear friction welds were studied. • Yield strength and ultimate tensile strength increased with axial shortening. • Elongation initially remained constant and then decreased with axial shortening. • Post-weld heat treat recovered dissolved γ′ particles and increased weld strength. • Stored energy relaxation during post-weld heat treatment improved weld elongation.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Engineering, McGill University, 3610 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0C5 (Canada)
  2. (Canada)
  3. Département de Génie Mécanique, École de Technologie Supérieure, 1100 rue Notre-Dame Ouest, Montréal, Québec H3C 1 K3 (Canada)
  4. National Research Council Canada, Aerospace, 5145 Decelles Avenue, Montréal, Québec H3T 2B2 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22476105
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 104; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BACKSCATTERING; DISTRIBUTION; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; ELONGATION; FRICTION; FRICTION WELDING; GRAIN GROWTH; HEAT TREATMENTS; MICROHARDNESS; MICROSTRUCTURE; NICKEL COMPOUNDS; RELAXATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TENSILE PROPERTIES; WASPALOY; WELDED JOINTS; YIELD STRENGTH