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Title: Nanostructured aluminium titanate (Al{sub 2}TiO{sub 5}) particles and nanofibers: Synthesis and mechanism of microstructural evolution

In this study, aluminium titanate (AT) particles and nanofibers were synthesized through citrate sol gel and sol gel-assisted electrospinning methods in both nanostructured powder and nanofiber forms. The results of X-ray diffraction analysis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and differential thermal analysis showed that the synthetic products benefit a nanostructured nature with a grain size less than 70 nm. The optimal values for time and temperature at which a roughly pure AT is attained were determined as 2 h and 900 °C, respectively. It was found that the sol gel precursor bears an amorphous structure till 700 °C and begins to be crystallized to alumina, anatase and AT at higher temperatures. Moreover, AT tends to decompose into rutile and alumina at temperatures higher than 900 °C and its degradation rate reaches a maximum at temperatures near to 1100 °C. In this synthesis, citric acid was used as a chelating agent for Al{sup 3} {sup +} and Ti{sup 4} {sup +} ions and it was shown that a low citric acid-to-metal cation ratio leads to larger numbers of nuclei during crystallization and smaller grain size. Finally, a model was suggested to describe the microstructural evolution of AT compound based on a nucleationmore » and growth regime. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • We synthesized aluminium titanate ceramic in both powder and nanofiber forms. • The methods in use were citrate sol gel and sol gel-assisted electrospinning. • Powders and nanofibers bear a nanostructured nature with a grain size less than 70 nm. • A model is suggested to describe microstructural evolution of synthetic products.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11155-9466, Azadi Avenue, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9466, Azadi Avenue, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22476090
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 103; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; CERAMICS; CHELATING AGENTS; CRYSTALLIZATION; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; GRAIN SIZE; NANOFIBERS; NUCLEATION; POWDERS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SYNTHESIS; TITANATES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION