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Title: Structural and magnetic characterization of electro-crystallized magnetite nanoparticles under constant current

Graphical abstract: Structural and magnetic properties of electro-crystallized magnetite nanoparticles under constant current were studied. All samples were characterized using XRD, SEM, VSM, and Mössbauer spectrometry. - Highlights: • The effect of applied current on morphology and properties of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} is studied. • The particle size and morphology are controllable by adjusting the current. • The magnetization depends on particle size, type of surfactant and applied current. • The clear correlation between magnetization and the mean particle size is observed. - Abstract: The effect of applied current on the morphology, particle size, structure, and magnetic properties of magnetite nanoparticles prepared by electro-crystallization method was studied. The synthesis was performed in an electrochemical cell containing two iron electrodes and an aqueous solution of sodium sulfate, and either thiourea, sodium butanoate, or β-cyclodextrine as organic stabilizer. All the samples were characterized by XRD, SEM, VSM, and Mössbauer spectroscopy. X-ray diffraction patterns, clearly confirmed that all products have the cubic spinel Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} crystal structure. Electron microscope images of the samples showed that their mean particle size is in the range 20–80 nm, and depends critically on the applied current and type of the organic additives. Specific magnetization of themore » samples at room temperature ranges from 60 to 90 A m{sup 2} kg{sup −1}, depending on the growth conditions. Room temperature Mössbauer spectra are typical of nonstoichiometric Fe{sub 3−δ}O{sub 4}, with a small excess of Fe{sup 3+}, 0.06 ≤ δ ≤ 0.17.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Lorestan University, Lorestan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  2. Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475916
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 70; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ADDITIVES; CORRELATIONS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CRYSTALLIZATION; ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS; ELECTRON MICROSCOPES; IRON OXIDES; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETITE; MAGNETIZATION; MAGNETOMETERS; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLE SIZE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTROSCOPY; SPINELS; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; X-RAY DIFFRACTION