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Title: Surface spins enhanced magnetoelectric coefficient and impedance spectroscopy of BaFe{sub 0.01}Ti{sub 0.99}O{sub 3} and BaFe{sub 0.015}Ti{sub 0.985}O{sub 3} nanorods

Highlights: • Multiferroic Fe-doped BaTiO{sub 3} nanorods. • Sol–gel. • Magnetoelectric coefficient. • Transmission electron microscopy. • Cole–Cole plots. - Abstract: Multiferroic BaFe{sub 0.01}Ti{sub 0.99}O{sub 3} (BFT1) and BaFe{sub 0.015}Ti{sub 0.985}O{sub 3} (BFT15) nanorods were prepared by a sol–gel synthesis and annealed at 700 °C/2 h. The tetragonal phase and nano dimensions of BFT samples are identified by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The enhancement in ferroelectricity depends upon low porosity, tetragonal phase, space charge field, larger surface area and oriented growth. The ferromagnetism depends upon partially filled inner shells, surface spins and oxygen vacancies. The magnetoelectric coefficient is explained on the basis of surface spins, short-range interactions near surface boundary, compressive stress and twin structure contributed by nano grains which can reside stress near grain boundaries. The frequency dependent real (Z′) and imaginary (Z″) parts of impedance spectra are confirmed by the variations that observed in dielectric properties. The values of resistance of grain boundaries, R{sub gb} is higher than grains, R{sub g} indicating that the effect of grain boundaries is dominant in BFT nanorods.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Centre of Advanced Study in Physics, Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014 (India)
  2. (India)
  3. National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi 110012 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475861
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 68; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ANNEALING; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES; DOPED MATERIALS; FERROMAGNETISM; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; IMPEDANCE; IRON ADDITIONS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHASE SPACE; POROSITY; SOL-GEL PROCESS; SPECTRA; TITANATES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION