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Title: A facile strategy to fabricate plasmonic Cu modified TiO{sub 2} nano-flower films for photocatalytic reduction of CO{sub 2} to methanol

Graphical abstract: Photoreduction of CO{sub 2} to CH{sub 3}OH over plasmonic Cu/TiO{sub 2} film. - Highlights: • Cu nanoparticles modified TiO{sub 2} nano-flower film was prepared by a facile strategy. • Cu nanoparticles can enhance the light absorption and the Raman scattering of TiO{sub 2}. • Cu nanoparticles can effectively restrain the recombination of the charge carriers. • A synergistic mechanism is proposed for photocatalytic reduction of CO{sub 2} on Cu/TiO{sub 2} film. - Abstract: Cu nanoparticles (NPs) deposited TiO{sub 2} nano-flower films were fabricated using a combination of a hydrothermal method and a microwave-assisted reduction process. The investigations indicated that Cu NPs and TiO{sub 2} film both exhibit visible light harvesting properties based on localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of Cu NPs and unique nanostructures of TiO{sub 2} film. Fluorescence quenching was observed because the recombination of charge carriers was effectively suppressed by Cu NPs deposition. The experimental results indicate that Cu/TiO{sub 2} films exhibit better activity for the photocatalytic reduction of CO{sub 2} due to the charge transfer property and LSPR effect of Cu NPs. The CH{sub 3}OH production rate reached 1.8 μmol cm{sup −2} h{sup −1} (energy efficiency was 0.8%) over 0.5 Cu/TiO{sub 2} film under UVmore » and visible light irradiation, which was 6.0 times higher than that observed over pure TiO{sub 2} film. In addition, a tentative photocatalytic mechanism is proposed to understand the experimental results over the Cu modified TiO{sub 2} nano-flower films.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ; ;  [3]
  1. School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, No. 229 Taibai North Road, Xi’an 710069 (China)
  2. Department of Physics, Northwest University, No. 229 Taibai North Road, Xi'an 710069 (China)
  3. School of Science, Xi'an Polytechnic University, No. 19 Jinhua South Road, Xi’an 710048 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475846
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 68; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION; CARBON DIOXIDE; CHARGE CARRIERS; COPPER ADDITIONS; DEPOSITION; FLUORESCENCE; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; METHANOL; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; PHOTOCATALYSIS; RAMAN EFFECT; RECOMBINATION; REDUCTION; THIN FILMS; TITANIUM OXIDES; VISIBLE RADIATION