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Title: Structure, magnetic, and dielectric properties of Ti-doped LaFeO{sub 3} ceramics synthesized by polymer pyrolysis method

Highlights: • The LaFe{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3} samples can be successfully prepared by polymer pyrolysis method. • XANES spectra confirmed the mixed valence states of Fe{sup 3+} and Fe{sup 4+} for Fe ions and valence states of Ti{sup 4+} for Ti ions. • The ferromagnetism (FM) at room temperature (RT) can be observed in all LaFe{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3} nanoparticles and ceramics. • The uncompensated spins at the surface played an important role in the magnetism of LaFe{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3} nanoparticles. • The giant dielectric behavior of the ceramic samples can be easily found by substitution at B site. - Abstract: Perovskite Ti-doped LaFeO{sub 3} (LaFe{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3}, x = 0, 0.1, and 0.2) nanoparticles synthesized by the polymer pyrolysis method were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES), and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) were used to characterize phase, morphology, valence states and magnetic properties of the samples. The samples had a phase of the orthorhombic structure with crystallite sizes of 25 ± 2–47 ± 2 nm for nanoparticles, while ceramic samples had the grain sizes of 0.9 ± 0.3–6.0 ± 2.3 μm. The result of XANESmore » spectra showed that the Fe{sup 3+}/Fe{sup 4+} and Ti{sup 4+} exist in the samples. The weak ferromagnetic behavior at room temperature is observed for all LaFe{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}O{sub 3} samples with a maximum magnetization of 0.32 emu/g for x = 0.2. Additionally, larger hysteresis loops induced significantly in ceramic samples with no saturation up to 10 kOe. The dielectric properties as a function of frequency at low temperatures suggest the presence of polarization in the samples due to the electron hopping between Fe{sup 3+} and Fe{sup 4+} ions.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [4]
  1. School of Physics, Institute of Science, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand)
  2. Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002 (Thailand)
  3. National Metals and Materials Technology Center (MTEC), Thailand Science Park, Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)
  4. (Thailand)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475818
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 67; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; CERAMICS; DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES; DOPED MATERIALS; FERRITES; FERROMAGNETISM; LANTHANUM COMPOUNDS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NANOPARTICLES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PEROVSKITE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPECTRA; TITANIUM ADDITIONS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VIBRATING SAMPLE MAGNETOMETERS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY