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Title: Effect of Ni content on the structural, morphological and magnetic properties of spray deposited Ni–Zn ferrite thin films

Graphical abstract: The Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} (where x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0) thin films were prepared by spray pyrolysis technique onto the quartz substrates. The composition x = 0.4 shows the formation of the compact grain structure and highest saturation magnetization of 143 emu/cm{sup 3}. - Highlights: • Synthesis of nanocrystalline Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} thin films. • Influence of Ni substitution on physicochemical properties. • Electrical conductivity arises mainly from the grain boundary. • The highest saturation magnetization is 143 emu/cm{sup 3} for x = 0.4. - Abstract: The Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} thin films have been prepared using a simple spray pyrolysis technique. The X-ray diffraction studies reveal that, the films are polycrystalline with spinel structure. The lattice parameters vary in the range of 8.35–8.48 Å with composition (x) obeying Vegard’s rule. SEM and AFM studies show that the surface of the films exhibit a smooth, compact and a pin hole free morphology. Raman spectra indicate first order Raman active modes; A{sub 1g} (λ = 334 cm{sup −1}); E{sub g} (λ = 148 cm{sup −1}) and T{sub 2g} (λ = 699) of the Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1−x}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4}. The investigation onmore » dielectric constant, dielectric loss tangent and ac conductivity was carried out in the frequency range 20 Hz–1 MHz at room temperature. The linear nature of the AC conductivity shows small polaron type of hopping mechanism. The saturation magnetization increases up to x = 0.4 (143 emu/cm{sup 3}), which decreases for higher x.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475812
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 67; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; FERRITES; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; LATTICE PARAMETERS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; NICKEL COMPOUNDS; PERMITTIVITY; RAMAN SPECTRA; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SATURATION; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SPINELS; SUBSTRATES; THIN FILMS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC COMPOUNDS