skip to main content

Title: Synthesis, thermal expansion and high-temperature electrical conductivity of Co-doped (Y,Ca)FeO{sub 3−δ} with orthorhombic perovskite structure

Highlights: • (Y,Ca)(Fe,Co)O{sub 3−δ} was prepared via citrate-based route with annealing at 1150–1200 °C. • Y{sub 0.9}Ca{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}O{sub 3−δ} demonstrates low thermal expansion coefficient of 11.9 ppm K{sup −1}. • Oxides do not react with YSZ and GDC up to 1000 °C and 1100 °C, respectively. • Compounds demonstrate higher electrical conductivity in comparison with Y{sub 0.9}Ca{sub 0.1}FeO{sub 3}. • Pr-doped (Y,Ca)(Fe,Co)O{sub 3−δ} demonstrate both higher electrical conductivity and TEC. - Abstract: Orthorhombic perovskites Y{sub 1−x}Ca{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}Co{sub y}O{sub 3−δ} (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2, 0.1 ≤ y ≤ 0.2 and x = 0.1, y = 0.3) were synthesized in air by the citrate route at 1150–1300 °C. High-temperature X-ray powder diffraction (HT XRPD) data for Y{sub 0.9}Ca{sub 0.1}Fe{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.2}O{sub 3−δ} at 25–800 °C showed no phase transition with calculated thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) of 11.9 ppm K{sup −1}. High-temperature electrical conductivity measurements revealed almost composition independent conductivity values of 22–27 S/cm at 900 °C. No chemical interaction of Y{sub 0.8}Ca{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.9}Co{sub 0.1}O{sub 3−δ} with (Zr,Y)O{sub 2−x} (YSZ) or (Ce,Gd)O{sub 2−x} (GDC) was observed up to 1000 °C and 1100 °C, respectively. Partial replacement of Y by Pr according to formula Y{sub 0.8−z}Pr{sub z}Ca{sub 0.2}Fe{sub 0.7}Co{submore » 0.3}O{sub 3−δ}, 0.1 ≤ z ≤ 0.35, leads to an increase of both electrical conductivity up to 50 S/cm (z = 0.3) at 900 °C and dilatometry measured TEC up to 15.1 ppm K{sup −1}. Moderate values of electrical conductivity in combination with low TEC and stability towards chemical interaction with typical SOFC electrolytes make Co-doped Y{sub 1−x}Ca{sub x}FeO{sub 3−δ} promissing cathode materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFC)« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [1] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1]
  1. M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)
  2. Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics RAS, Academician Semenov Av. 1, Chernogolovka, Moscow District 142432 (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475806
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 66; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ANNEALING; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; COBALT ADDITIONS; DILATOMETRY; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTROLYTES; FERRITES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PEROVSKITE; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELLS; SYNTHESIS; THERMAL EXPANSION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YTTRIUM COMPOUNDS