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Title: Visible light-driven photocatalytic H{sub 2}-generation activity of CuS/ZnS composite particles

Highlights: • Preparation of CuS/ZnS composite photocatalyst by cation-exchange reaction. • Visible light photocatalytic activity for H{sub 2} evolution without cocatalyst. • The H{sub 2}-evolution rate from water splitting depends on the CuS content. • The highest rate of H{sub 2} evolution is obtained with CuS (0.5 mol%)/ZnS composite. - Abstract: CuS/ZnS composite particles with diameter of 200–400 nm were successfully prepared by a simple cation-exchange reaction using ZnS spheres as a precursor. CuS nanoparticles with a few nanometers in diameter were observed on the surface of composite particles. The synthesized CuS/ZnS composite particles showed photocatalytic property effective for H{sub 2} evolution from an aqueous Na{sub 2}S and Na{sub 2}SO{sub 3} solution under visible light irradiation without any cocatalysts. The rate of H{sub 2} generation was found to be strongly dependent on the CuS content. The highest rate of H{sub 2} evolution reached 695.7 μmol h{sup −1} g{sup −1}, which was almost 7 times as high as that of the mechanical mixture of CuS and ZnS. The enhancement in the photocatalytic activity of CuS/ZnS composite particles is supposed to be due to the direct interfacial charge transfer of the CuS/ZnS heterojunction.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475743
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 64; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COPPER SULFIDES; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; HETEROJUNCTIONS; ION EXCHANGE; IRRADIATION; NANOPARTICLES; PHOTOCATALYSIS; SODIUM SULFIDES; SURFACES; VISIBLE RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC SULFIDES