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Title: Facile preparation of nitrogen-doped porous carbon from waste tobacco by a simple pre-treatment process and their application in electrochemical capacitor and CO{sub 2} capture

Highlights: • A pre-treatment process is used to prepared N-doped carbon from waste biomass. • Waste tobaccos, which are limited for the disposal, are used as the raw materials. • The product shows a specific surface area and nitrogen content. • Its electrochemical performance is better than commercial activated carbon. • Its CO{sub 2} sorption performance is also better than commercial activated carbon. - Abstract: Preparing nitrogen-doped porous carbons directly from waste biomass has received considerable interest for the purpose of realizing the atomic economy. In this study, N-doped porous carbons have been successfully prepared from waste tobaccos (WT) by a simple pre-treatment process. The sample calcinated at 700 °C (WT-700) shows a micro/meso-porous structures with a BET surface area of 1104 m{sup 2} g{sup −1} and a nitrogen content of ca. 19.08 wt.% (EDS). Performance studies demonstrate that WT-700 displays 170 F g{sup −1} electrocapacitivity at a current density of 0.5 A g{sup −1} (in 6 M KOH), and a CO{sub 2} capacity of 3.6 mmol g{sup −1} at 0 °C and 1 bar, and a selectivity of ca. 32 for CO{sub 2} over N{sub 2} at 25 °C. Our studies indicate that it is feasible to prepare N-enrichedmore » porous carbons from waste natural crops by a pre-treatment process for potential industrial application.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Technical Center, Shanghai Tobacco Group Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200082 (China)
  2. Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475738
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 64; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACTIVATED CARBON; BIOMASS; CAPACITORS; CAPACITY; CAPTURE; CARBON DIOXIDE; CARBONIZATION; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; NITROGEN; PERFORMANCE; POROUS MATERIALS; POTASSIUM HYDROXIDES; SORPTION; SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA; SURFACE AREA; TOBACCO; WASTES