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Title: Growth and characterization of new semiorganic nonlinear optical and piezoelectric lithium sulfate monohydrate oxalate single crystals

Highlights: • A new semiorganic single crystal of LSO grown by slow evaporation technique. • Morphological studies of the LSO crystal deduced by BFDH law. • In the UV–vis spectrum wide transparent region and large band gap were found. • SHG is equal to KDP crystal and d{sub 33} was found to be equal to 6pC/N. • Grown crystal belongs to softer category. - Abstract: New semiorganic crystal of lithium sulfate monohydrate oxalate (LSO) for nonlinear application was synthesized by controlled slow evaporation method. The growth rate of various planes of the grown crystal was estimated by morphological study. Single crystal XRD analysis confirmed that the crystal belongs to triclinic lattice with space group P1. High transparency (∼95%) with large band gap (4.57 eV) was analyzed by UV–vis studies. FTIR and Raman spectroscopy were used to identify various functional groups present in the LSO crystal. SHG efficiency was found to be equal to the KDP crystal. Thermal stability (up to 117.54 °C) and melting point (242 °C) of the crystal were studied by TG-DTA. In dielectric measurements, the value of dielectric constant decreases with increase in frequency. Hardness studies confirmed soft nature of crystals. The piezoelectric coefficient was found tomore » be 6pC/N along [0 0 1].« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Crystal Lab, Department of Physics & Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India)
  2. Department of Physics & Electronics, SGTB Khalsa College, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475731
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 64; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CRYSTAL GROWTH; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; HARDNESS; INFRARED SPECTRA; LITHIUM SULFATES; MELTING POINTS; MONOCRYSTALS; NONLINEAR OPTICS; OPACITY; OXALATES; PERMITTIVITY; PIEZOELECTRICITY; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SPACE GROUPS; STABILITY; TRICLINIC LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION