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Title: Combustion synthesis and up-conversion luminescence of La{sub 2}O{sub 2}S:Er{sup 3+},Yb{sup 3+} nanophosphors

La{sub 2}O{sub 2}S:Er{sup 3+},Yb{sup 3+} nanocrystalline up-converting phosphors were synthesized by a combustion method at low temperature, using ethanol as pre-ignition fuel and thioacetamide as sulfurizing agent and organic fuel. The phosphors were characterized by powder X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy. Pure and well-crystallized La{sub 2}O{sub 2}S:Er{sup 3+},Yb{sup 3+} nanoparticles, of the order of 50–200 nm, are obtained after a post-treatment in a H{sub 2}S/N{sub 2} flow for 2 h at 1000 °C. The efficient energy transfer from Yb{sup 3+} to Er{sup 3+} results in a strong up-conversion upon excitation at 980 nm. The emission spectra show the intense green emissions corresponding to the ({sup 2}H{sub 11/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2})→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transitions and a red emission corresponding to the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition. Additionally, within the investigated co-doping concentrations, no significant concentration quenching effect and back energy transfer from Er{sup 3+} to Yb{sup 3+} were evidenced. This research highlights the influence of the sulfurization treatment on the purity/crystallinity/morphology of the nanocrystals and the luminescence efficiency. - Graphical abstract: Up-conversion luminescence of La{sub 2}O{sub 2}S:Er{sup 3+},Yb{sup 3+} nanophosphors prepared by combustion synthesis. - Highlights: • La{sub 2}O{sub 2}Er{sup 3+}, Yb{sup 3+} up-converter nanophosphorsmore » were prepared by combustion synthesis. • The synthesis method results in phosphor nanoparticles of the order of 50–200 nm. • Energy transfer from Yb3{sup +} to Er{sup 3+} results in a strong UPL upon excitation at 980 nm. • No concentration quenching effect and back energy transfer were evidenced. • We report the importance of the post-treatment in a H{sub 2}S/N{sub 2} flow on UPL efficiency.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [1] ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Equipe Verres et Céramiques, UMR CNRS 6226, Université de Rennes 1, Campus Beaulieu, 35042, Rennes Cedex (France)
  2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475663
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 226; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CRYSTALS; EMISSION SPECTRA; ENERGY TRANSFER; ERBIUM IONS; ETHANOL; EXCITATION; FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY; HYDROGEN SULFIDES; LANTHANUM OXIDES; LUMINESCENCE; NANOPARTICLES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PHOSPHORS; POWDERS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SULFIDES; SYNTHESIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; YTTERBIUM IONS