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Title: Bi{sub 1−x}Nb{sub x}O{sub 1.5+x} (x=0.0625, 0.12) fast ion conductors: Structures, stability and oxide ion migration pathways

A combined experimental and computational study of Bi{sub 1−x}Nb{sub x}O{sub 1.5+x} (x=0.0625 and 0.12) has been carried out using laboratory X-ray, neutron and electron diffraction, impedance measurements and ab-initio molecular dynamics. We demonstrate that Bi{sub 0.9375}Nb{sub 0.0625}O{sub 1.5625}, previously reported to adopt a cubic fluorite-type superstructure, can form two different polymorphs depending on the synthetic method: a metastable cubic phase is produced by quenching; while slower cooling yields a stable material with a tetragonal √2×√2×1 superstructure, which undergoes a reversible phase transition into the cubic form at ~680 °C on subsequent reheating. Neutron diffraction reveals that the tetragonal superstructure arises mainly from ordering in the oxygen sublattice, with Bi and Nb remaining disordered, although structured diffuse scattering observed in the electron diffraction patterns suggests a degree of short-range ordering. Both materials are oxide ion conductors. On thermal cycling, Bi{sub 0.88}Nb{sub 0.12}O{sub 1.62} exhibits a decrease in conductivity of approximately an order of magnitude due to partial transformation into the tetragonal phase, but still exhibits conductivity comparable to yttria-stabilised zirconia (YSZ). Ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations performed on Bi{sub 0.9375}Nb{sub 0.0625}O{sub 1.5625} show that oxide ion diffusion occurs by O{sup 2−} jumps between edge- and corner-sharing OM{sub 4} groups (M=Bi, Nb) viamore » tetrahedral □M{sub 4} and octahedral □M{sub 6} vacancies. - Graphical abstract: Oxide ion migration in tetragonal Bi{sub 0.9375}Nb{sub 0.0625}O{sub 1.5625} occurs by O{sup 2−} jumps between edge- and corner-sharing OM{sub 4} groups (M=Bi, Nb) via tetrahedral M{sub 4} and octahedral M{sub 6} vacancies. - Highlights: • Bi{sub 0.9375}Nb{sub 0.0625}O{sub 1.5625} adopts a tetragonal √2×√2×1 fluorite superstructure. • Superstructure is due to ordering in the O-sublattice, with Bi/Nb disordered. • Bi{sub 0.9375}Nb{sub 0.0625}O{sub 1.5625} is a good oxide ion conductor. • O{sup 2−} jump between OM{sub 4} groups (M=Bi, Nb) via tetrahedral and octahedral vacancies.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Durham University, Science Site, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)
  2. (Australia)
  3. (France)
  4. Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Lucas Heights 2234, NSW (Australia)
  5. Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT (Australia)
  6. Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475619
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 225; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DIFFUSE SCATTERING; DIFFUSION; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; IMPEDANCE; IONIC CONDUCTIVITY; MOLECULAR DYNAMICS METHOD; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; NIOBIUM OXIDES; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; THERMAL CYCLING; VACANCIES; YTTRIUM OXIDES; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES