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Title: Crystal structure and ion conductivity of a new mixed-anion phosphate LiMg{sub 3}(PO{sub 4})P{sub 2}O{sub 7}

A new lithium-containing phosphate, LiMg{sub 3}(PO{sub 4})P{sub 2}O{sub 7}, was prepared by a solid-state reaction, and it was characterized by an ab initio structure determination method on the basis of synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction data. LiMg{sub 3}(PO{sub 4})P{sub 2}O{sub 7} was found to be orthorhombic (space group Pnma) with lattice parameters a=9.0387(1) Å, b=10.6072(1) Å, c=8.3065(1) Å, and V=796.39(1) Å{sup 3}. The structure features infinite [Mg{sub 3}O{sub 10}]{sub ∞} layers that are parallel to the bc plane and that are interconnected along the a axis by PO{sub 4} and P{sub 2}O{sub 7} groups. The [Mg{sub 3}O{sub 10}]{sub ∞} layer contains Mg{sub 3}O{sub 14} trimers that are formed by three edge-shared MgO{sub 6} octahedra. The PO{sub 4} and P{sub 2}O{sub 7} groups are located alternatively between [Mg{sub 3}O{sub 10}]{sub ∞} layers. This gives rise to a three-dimensional framework that contains large tunnels along the directions [1 0 0] and [0 1 0]; the Li{sup +} ions are stabilized in these tunnels. AC impedance spectroscopy shows that LiMg{sub 3}(PO{sub 4})P{sub 2}O{sub 7} has an ionic conductivity of 3.40×10{sup −5} S cm{sup −1} at 769 K, with an activation energy of 1.17 eV. - Graphical abstract: Polyhedral view of LiMg3(PO4)P2O7. Li+ ions aremore » represented by orange spheres, MgO6 groups by octahedra, and PO4 groups by tetrahedra. - Highlights: • New compound LiMg{sub 3}(PO{sub 4})P{sub 2}O{sub 7} is reported. • The crystal structure is investigated by synchrotron XRD analysis. • The structure features [Mg{sub 3}O{sub 10}]{sub ∞} layers with interconnecting PO{sub 4} and P{sub 2}O{sub 7} groups. • Correlation between the crystal structure and ionic conductivity is discussed.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Division of Energy Systems Research, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Department of Chemistry, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 712-749 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475613
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 225; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ACTIVATION ENERGY; ANIONS; IMPEDANCE; IONIC CONDUCTIVITY; LATTICE PARAMETERS; LAYERS; LITHIUM IONS; LITHIUM PHOSPHATES; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; MAGNESIUM PHOSPHATES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PHOSPHATES; POWDERS; SOLIDS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION