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Title: Structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of La{sub 0.8}Ca{sub 0.2−x}Na{sub x}MnO{sub 3} manganites (0≤x≤0.2)

In this work, we report the effect of Na doping on the structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties in La{sub 0.8}Ca{sub 0.2−x}Na{sub x}MnO{sub 3} powder samples. Our polycristalline samples have been synthesized using the solid-state reaction method at high temperatures. The parent compound La{sub 0.8}Ca{sub 0.2}MnO{sub 3} crystallizes in the orthorhombic system with Pbnm space group. Na doping induces a structural transition from orthorhombic (Pbnm space group) to rhombohedral (R-3C space group) symmetry. Magnetization measurements versus temperature in a magnetic applied field of 50 mT showed that all our investigated samples display a paramagnetic-ferromagnetic transition with decreasing temperature. The Curie temperature T{sub C} increases with Na content from 240 K for x=0 to 330 K for x=0.2. A large magnetocaloric effect has been observed in all samples, the maximum entropy change, |∆S{sub M}|{sub max}, shifts to smaller values with increasing Na content, from4.56 J/kg K (x=0.05) to 2.3 J/kg K (x=0.2) under a magnetic field change ∆µ{sub 0}H of 2 T. For the same applied magnetic field of 2 T, the Relative Cooling Power (RCP) values are found to be constant around 91 J/kg. - Graphical abstract: Sodium doping induces an increase of T{sub C} from 240 K for x=0 tomore » 330 K for x=0.2. - Highlights: • La{sub 0.8}Ca{sub 0.2−x}Na{sub x}MnO{sub 3} are synthesized using the ceramic method at high temperatures. • Na doping induces a structural transition from Pbnm to R-3C space group. • T{sub C} increases with Na content from 240 K for x=0 to 330 K for x=0.2. • RCP is constant around 91 J/kg for all compounds under 2 T.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Laboratoire de Physique des Matériaux, Faculté des Sciences de Sfax, Sfax University, B.P. 1171, 3000 Sfax (Tunisia)
  2. (France)
  3. (Tunisia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475580
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 225; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CALCIUM COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CURIE POINT; ENTROPY; LANTHANUM COMPOUNDS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MANGANATES; MANGANESE OXIDES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PARAMAGNETISM; POLYCRYSTALS; POWDERS; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; SOLIDS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION