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Title: Characterisation of magnesium potassium phosphate cements blended with fly ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag

Magnesium potassium phosphate cements (MKPCs), blended with 50 wt.% fly ash (FA) or ground granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS) to reduce heat evolution, water demand and cost, were assessed using compressive strength, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy on {sup 25}Mg, {sup 27}Al, {sup 29}Si, {sup 31}P and {sup 39}K nuclei. We present the first definitive evidence that dissolution of the glassy aluminosilicate phases of both FA and GBFS occurred under the pH conditions of MKPC. In addition to the main binder phase, struvite-K, an amorphous orthophosphate phase was detected in FA/MKPC and GBFS/MKPC systems. It was postulated that an aluminium phosphate phase was formed, however, no significant Al–O–P interactions were identified. High-field NMR analysis of the GBFS/MKPC system indicated the potential formation of a potassium-aluminosilicate phase. This study demonstrates the need for further research on these binders, as both FA and GBFS are generally regarded as inert fillers within MKPC.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475517
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cement and Concrete Research; Journal Volume: 74; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ALUMINIUM 27; ALUMINIUM PHOSPHATES; BLAST FURNACES; CEMENTS; CERAMICS; COMPRESSION STRENGTH; FILLERS; FLY ASH; MAGNESIUM 25; MICROSTRUCTURE; NMR SPECTRA; PHOSPHORUS 31; POTASSIUM 39; POTASSIUM PHOSPHATES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILICON 29; SLAGS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION