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Title: Influence of the Ca/Si ratio of the C–S–H phase on the interaction with sulfate ions and its impact on the ettringite crystallization pressure

The effect of the Ca/Si ratio of the calcium–silicate–hydrate (C–S–H) phase on the interaction with sulfate ions is investigated for C–S–H phases (Ca/Si = 0.83, 1.25, 1.50) and mortar samples of blended Portland cements. It is shown that leaching of calcium from C–S–H and portlandite affects the composition of the pore solution and contributes to the developing crystallization pressure of ettringite. Sulfate profiles show that sulfate binding before cracking is similar for different Ca/Si ratios whereas the highest expansion rates are observed for the mortars with the highest Ca/Si ratios. After leaching in sulfate solutions, the C–S–H samples have been characterized by {sup 29}Si MAS NMR, thermogravimetric analysis, and elemental solution analysis. Generally, the exposure to sulfate solutions results in decalcification of the C–S–H, which increases with decreasing Ca/Si ratio. The data are in good agreement with thermodynamic modeling, indicating that equilibrium is almost achieved in the leached systems. Finally, the expansion of mortar samples exposed to sulfate solutions was much less at lower Ca/Si ratios of the cement blends. This reduced expansion can be related to the decrease of the supersaturation of the pore solution with respect to ettringite at lower Ca/Si ratios of the C–S–H and in themore » absence of portlandite.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Instrument Centre for Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy, Department of Chemistry and Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)
  2. Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Laboratory for Concrete/Construction Chemistry, Überlandstrasse 129, 8600 Dübendorf (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22475494
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cement and Concrete Research; Journal Volume: 69; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CALCIUM SULFATES; CRYSTALLIZATION; HYDRATES; LEACHING; MOLECULAR IONS; MORTARS; MULTI-ELEMENT ANALYSIS; NMR SPECTRA; PORTLAND CEMENT; SILICATES; SILICON; SILICON 29; SUPERSATURATION; THERMAL GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS