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Title: Leaching characteristics of calcium-based compounds in MSWI Residues: From the viewpoint of clogging risk

Highlights: • The leaching behavior of Ca-based compounds commonly in MSWI residues was studied. • pH is the crucial factor for calcium leaching process. • CaCO{sub 3} was the most sensitive to leaching temperature and Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} was the least. • Ca leaching of MSWIBA and SAPCR attributed to CaCO{sub 3} and Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} respectively. • Potential clogging ability of MSWI residues leachate in open air was calculated. - Abstract: Leachate collection system (LCS) clogging caused by calcium precipitation would be disadvantageous to landfill stability and operation. Meanwhile, calcium-based compounds are the main constituents in both municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash (MSWIBA) and stabilized air pollution control residues (SAPCR), which would increase the risk of LCS clogging once these calcium-rich residues were disposed in landfills. The leaching behaviors of calcium from the four compounds and municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) residues were studied, and the influencing factors on leaching were discussed. The results showed that pH was the crucial factor in the calcium leaching process. CaCO{sub 3} and CaSiO{sub 3} began leaching when the leachate pH decreased to less than 7 and 10, respectively, while Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} leached at pH < 12. CaSO{submore » 4} could hardly dissolve in the experimental conditions. Moreover, the sequence of the leaching rate for the different calcium-based compounds is as follows: CaSiO{sub 3} > Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} > CaCO{sub 3}. The calcium leaching from the MSWIBA and SAPCR separately started from pH < 7 and pH < 12, resulting from CaCO{sub 3} and Ca{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2} leaching respectively, which was proven by the X-ray diffraction results. Based on the leaching characteristics of the different calcium compounds and the mineral phase of calcium in the incineration residues, simulated computation of their clogging potential was conducted, providing the theoretical basis for the risk assessment pertaining to LCS clogging in landfills.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control & Resource Reuse, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. Changzhou Domestic Waste Treatment Center, Changzhou 213000 (China)
  4. Institute of Waste Treatment and Reclamation, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China)
  5. (MOHURD), Shanghai 200092 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22472533
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Waste Management; Journal Volume: 42; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; AIR POLLUTION CONTROL; ASHES; CALCIUM; CALCIUM CARBONATES; CALCIUM PHOSPHATES; CALCIUM SILICATES; COMBUSTION; LEACHING; PRECIPITATION; RISK ASSESSMENT; SANITARY LANDFILLS; SIMULATION; SOLID WASTES