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Title: Andreev reflection in rotating superfluid {sup 3}He-B

Andreev reflection of quasiparticle excitations from quantized line vortices is reviewed in the isotropic B phase of superfluid {sup 3}He in the temperature regime of ballistic quasiparticle transport at T ≤ 0.20T{sub c}. The reflection from an array of rectilinear vortices in solid-body rotation is measured with a quasiparticle beam illuminating the array mainly in the orientation along the rotation axis. The result is in agreement with the calculated Andreev reflection. The Andreev signal is also used to analyze the spin-down of the superfluid component after a sudden impulsive stop of rotation from an equilibrium vortex state. In a measuring setup where the rotating cylinder has a rough bottom surface, annihilation of the vortices proceeds via a leading rapid turbulent burst followed by a trailing slow laminar decay, from which the mutual friction dissipation can be determined. In contrast to the currently accepted theory, it is found to have a finite value in the zero-temperature limit: α(T→0) = (5 ± 0.5) × 10{sup −4}.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Aalto University, O. V. Lounasmaa Laboratory, School of Science (Finland)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22472479
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANNIHILATION; CYLINDERS; EXCITATION; FRICTION; HELIUM 3; REFLECTION; ROTATION; SOLIDS; SPIN; SUPERFLUIDITY; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE ZERO K; VORTICES