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Title: Scalaron production in contracting astrophysical objects

We study the creation of high-energy SM particles in the Starobinsky model of dark energy (a variant of F(R)-gravity) inside the regions contracting due to the Jeans instability. In this modification of gravity, the additional degree of freedom—a scalaron—behaves as a particle with the mass depending on matter density. Therefore, when the mass changes, light scalarons could be created at a nonadiabatic stage. Later, the scalaron mass grows and can reach large values, even the value 10{sup 13} GeV, favored by early time inflation. Heavy scalarons decay contributing to the cosmic ray flux. We analytically calculate the number density of created particles for the exponential (Jeans) contraction and find it negligibly small for the phenomenologically viable and cosmologically interesting range of model parameters. We expect similar results for a generic model of F(R)-gravity mimicking the cosmological constant.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22472365
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COSMIC RAY FLUX; COSMOLOGICAL CONSTANT; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; EEV RANGE; GEV RANGE; GRAVITATION; INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; VISIBLE RADIATION