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Title: Novel method for detecting the hadronic component of extensive air showers

A novel method for studying the hadronic component of extensive air showers (EAS) is proposed. The method is based on recording thermal neutrons accompanying EAS with en-detectors that are sensitive to two EAS components: an electromagnetic (e) component and a hadron component in the form of neutrons (n). In contrast to hadron calorimeters used in some arrays, the proposed method makes it possible to record the hadronic component over the whole area of the array. The efficiency of a prototype array that consists of 32 en-detectors was tested for a long time, and some parameters of the neutron EAS component were determined.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) (Russian Federation)
  2. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22472301
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Atomic Nuclei; Journal Volume: 78; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; COSMIC NEUTRONS; COSMIC RAY DETECTION; EFFICIENCY; EXTENSIVE AIR SHOWERS; NEUTRON DETECTION; SHOWER COUNTERS; THERMAL NEUTRONS