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Title: Charging of a conducting sphere in a weakly ionized collisional plasma: Temporal dynamics and stationary state

We consider the interaction of a isolated conducting sphere with a collisional weakly ionized plasma in an external field. We assume that the plasma consists of two species of ions neglecting of electrons. We take into account charging of the sphere due to sedimentation of plasma ions on it, the field of the sphere charge and the space charge, as well as recombination and molecular diffusion. The nonstationary problem of interaction of the sphere with the surrounding plasma is solved numerically. The temporal dynamics of the sphere charge and plasma perturbations is analyzed, as well as the properties of the stationary state. It is shown that the duration of transient period is determined by the recombination time and by the reverse conductivity of ions. The temporal dynamics of the sphere charge and plasma perturbations is determined by the intensity of recombination processes relative to the influence of the space charge field and diffusion. The stationary absolute value of the sphere charge increases linearly with the external electric field, decreases with the relative intensity of recombination processes and increases in the presence of substantial diffusion. The scales of the perturbed region in the plasma are determined by the radius of themore » sphere, the external field, the effect of diffusion, and the relative intensity of recombination processes. In the limiting case of the absence of molecular diffusion and a strong external field, the properties of the stationary state coincide with those obtained earlier as a result of approximate solution.« less
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Applied Physics (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22472192
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; COLLISIONAL PLASMA; DIFFUSION; DISTURBANCES; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRONS; IONS; RECOMBINATION; SEDIMENTATION; SPACE CHARGE; SPHERES; TRANSIENTS