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Title: Properties of true quaternary fission of nuclei with allowance for its multistep and sequential character

An analysis of basicmechanisms of binary and ternary fission of nuclei led to the conclusion that true ternary and quaternary fission of nuclei has a sequential two-step (three-step) character, where, at the first step, a fissile nucleus emits a third light particle (third and fourth light particles) under shakeup effects associated with a nonadiabatic character of its collective deformation motion, whereupon the residual nucleus undergoes fission to two fission fragments. Owing to this, the formulas derived earlier for the widths with respect to sequential two- and three-step decays of nuclei in constructing the theory of two-step twoproton decays and multistep decays in chains of genetically related nuclei could be used to describe the relative yields and angular and energy distributions of third and fourth light particles emitted in (α, α), (t, t), and (α, t) pairs upon the true quaternary spontaneous fission of {sup 252}Cf and thermal-neutron-induced fission of {sup 235}U and {sup 233}U target nuclei. Mechanisms that explain a sharp decrease in the yield of particles appearing second in time and entering into the composition of light-particle pairs that originate from true quaternary fission of nuclei in relation to the yields of analogous particles in true ternary fission ofmore » nuclei are proposed.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22472171
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Atomic Nuclei; Journal Volume: 78; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; ALPHA REACTIONS; CALIFORNIUM 252; ENERGY SPECTRA; NEUTRON REACTIONS; NUCLEAR REACTION YIELD; QUATERNARY FISSION; SPONTANEOUS FISSION; TERNARY FISSION; THERMAL NEUTRONS; TRITON REACTIONS; URANIUM 233; URANIUM 235; VISIBLE RADIATION