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Title: Reasons for high-temperature superconductivity in the electron–phonon system of hydrogen sulfide

We have calculated the electron and phonon spectra, as well as the densities of the electron and phonon states, of the stable orthorhombic structure of hydrogen sulfide SH{sub 2} in the pressure interval 100–180 GPa. It is found that at a pressure of 175 GPa, a set of parallel planes of hydrogen atoms is formed due to a structural modification of the unit cell under pressure with complete accumulation of all hydrogen atoms in these planes. As a result, the electronic properties of the system become quasi-two-dimensional. We have also analyzed the collective synphase and antiphase vibrations of hydrogen atoms in these planes, leading to the occurrence of two high-energy peaks in the phonon density of states.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22472130
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ATOMS; DENSITY OF STATES; ELECTRON SPECTRA; ELECTRONS; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN SULFIDES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PHONONS; PRESSURE DEPENDENCE; PRESSURE RANGE GIGA PA; SUPERCONDUCTIVITY; TWO-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS