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Title: Electrostatic interaction of two charged macroparticles in an equilibrium plasma

This article is a critical review of publications devoted to studying the electrostatic interaction of two charged macroparticles in an equilibrium plasma. It is shown from an analysis of the force of interaction based on the Maxwell stress tensor that two macroparticles with identical charges in the Poisson–Boltzmann model always repel each other both in isothermal and nonisothermal plasmas. At distances between macroparticles for which the Boltzmann exponents can be linearized, the interaction between macroparticles is completely described by the Debye–Hückel model. The correction to free energy due to the electrostatic interaction in the system of two macroparticles is determined by integrating the correction to the internal energy and by direct calculation of the correction for entropy. It is shown that the free energy coincides with the Yukawa potential. The coincidence of the interaction energy obtained by integrating the force of interaction with the free energy leads to the conclusion about the potential nature of the force of interaction between two macroparticles in an equilibrium plasma. The effect of the outer boundary on the electrostatic interaction force is analyzed; it is shown that the type of interaction depends on the choice of the boundary conditions at the outer boundary. Itmore » is also shown that the accumulation of space charge near the outer boundary can lead to the attraction of similarly charged particles at distances comparable with the radius of the outer boundary.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Russian State Research Center Troitsk Institute for Innovation and Fusion Research (TRINITI), Troitsk (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22471992
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; CHARGED PARTICLES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRECTIONS; DISTANCE; ENTROPY; EQUILIBRIUM PLASMA; FREE ENERGY; SPACE CHARGE; STRESSES; TENSORS; YUKAWA POTENTIAL