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Title: Mechanisms of fracture of the free surface of shock-compressed metals

The mechanisms of the ejection of aluminum and copper microparticles from the free surfaces of these metals have been studied under conditions of the escape of a moderate-intensity shock wave from a sample. The free surfaces of samples contained 0.7–0.9 mm deep artificial wells and protrusions simulating (on a greater scale of 10: 1) the natural surface roughness retained upon mechanical processing. The pressure in a shock-wave pulse at the base of a protrusion was controlled within P = 5–20 GPa (i.e., below the melting region), and the variable duration of pressure pulses was 0.02, 0.2, and 1 μs. Analysis of the free surfaces of postloaded samples showed that, for certain loading and roughness parameters, the ejection of metal from vertices of protruding ridges or pyramids (as a result of the longitudinal fracture) was about ten times greater than the amount of metal ejected in the form of cumulative jets from wells. The amount of ejected metal and the size distribution of metal microparticles were quantitatively characterized using “soft collecting targets” and by measuring mass losses of samples upon fracture.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Russian Federal Nuclear Center–All-Russia Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)
  2. National Nuclear Research University MEPhI, Sarov State Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22471941
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics; Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM; COPPER; FRACTURES; LOADING; MASS TRANSFER; MELTING; PRESSURE RANGE GIGA PA; ROUGHNESS; SHOCK WAVES; SURFACES