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Title: High-density ultracold neutron sources for the WWR-M and PIK reactors

It is proposed to equip the PIK and WWR-M research reactors at the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) with high-density ultracold neutron (UCN) sources, where UCNs will be obtained based on the effect of their accumulation in superfluid helium (due to the specific features of this quantum fluid). The maximum UCN storage time in superfluid helium is obtained at temperatures on the order of 1 K. These sources are expected to yield UCN densities of 10{sup 3}–10{sup 4} cm{sup –3}, i.e., approximately three orders of magnitude higher than the density from existing UCN sources throughout the world. The development of highest intensity UCN sources will make PNPI an international center of fundamental UCN research.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)
  2. St. Petersburg State University (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22471910
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Crystallography Reports; Journal Volume: 61; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2016 Pleiades Publishing, Inc.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; BUILDUP; EFFICIENCY; HELIUM; NEUTRON DENSITY; NEUTRON SOURCES; QUANTUM FLUIDS; SUPERFLUIDITY; ULTRACOLD NEUTRONS