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Title: Physical nature of longevity of light actinides in dynamic failure phenomenon

It is shown in this work that the physical nature of the longevity of light actinides under extreme conditions in a range of nonequilibrium states of t ∼ 10{sup –6}–10{sup –10} s is determined by the time needed for the formation of a critical concentration of a cascade of failure centers, which changes connectivity of the body. These centers form a percolation cluster. The longevity is composed of waiting time t{sub w} for the appearance of failure centers and clusterization time t{sub c} of cascade of failure centers, when connectivity in the system of failure centers and the percolation cluster arise. A unique mechanism of the dynamic failure process, a unique order parameter, and an equal dimensionality of the space in which the process occurs determine the physical nature of the longevity of metals, including fissionable materials.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Russian Federal Nuclear Center—VNIIEF (Russian Federation)
  2. National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22471904
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Atomic Nuclei; Journal Volume: 78; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ACTINIDES; CONCENTRATION RATIO; FAILURES; FISSIONABLE MATERIALS; METALLICITY; ORDER PARAMETERS; SOLID CLUSTERS