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Title: Life cycle assessment of electronic waste treatment

Highlights: • Life cycle assessment of electronic waste recycling is quantified. • Key factors for reducing the overall environmental impact are indentified. • End-life disposal processes provide significant environmental benefits. • Efficiently reduce the improper disposal amount of e-waste is highly needed. • E-waste incineration can generate significant environmental burden. - Abstract: Life cycle assessment was conducted to estimate the environmental impact of electronic waste (e-waste) treatment. E-waste recycling with an end-life disposal scenario is environmentally beneficial because of the low environmental burden generated from human toxicity, terrestrial ecotoxicity, freshwater ecotoxicity, and marine ecotoxicity categories. Landfill and incineration technologies have a lower and higher environmental burden than the e-waste recycling with an end-life disposal scenario, respectively. The key factors in reducing the overall environmental impact of e-waste recycling are optimizing energy consumption efficiency, reducing wastewater and solid waste effluent, increasing proper e-waste treatment amount, avoiding e-waste disposal to landfill and incineration sites, and clearly defining the duties of all stakeholders (e.g., manufacturers, retailers, recycling companies, and consumers)
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4]
  1. Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. School of Life Science, Shandong University, Shanda South Road 27, Jinan 250100 (China)
  4. School of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan 250012 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22470227
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Waste Management; Journal Volume: 38; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; COMBUSTION; ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; HEAVY METALS; LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT; OPTIMIZATION; RECYCLING; RETAILERS; SANITARY LANDFILLS; SOLID WASTES; TOXICITY; WASTE PROCESSING; WASTE WATER