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Title: Public perception of hazardousness caused by current trends of municipal solid waste management

Highlights: • Contribution to the scientific literature by examining the relationship between concern for the environment and waste disposal in the frame of household waste treatment mechanism specifically in developing countries. • The awareness of the citizens satisfaction level and the local existing capacities in developing countries significantly contribute to decision making on MSW management sustainability in Palestine and other developing countries when applied. • Identification of the differences and similarities among DC resulting to failures or success in WM field. - Abstract: Municipal solid waste (MSW) piling up is becoming a serious problem in all developing countries (DC) as a result of inequitable waste collection and treatment. Citizens’ collaboration is partly based on understanding their views and their active involvement in MSW planning; on the other hand the assessment of the perception of hazardousness related with MSW is considered rather important as well since the identification of the weak points of the applied MWM strategy is eased and the level of required training is determined. Researchers implemented a case study in the West Bank (WB) and Gaza Strip (GS) regions of Palestine, taking into consideration previous researches in other developing countries. They reached to safe and useful conclusions regardingmore » the parameters which mean the greatest in the waste management field as far as DC are concerned. Lack of skilled manpower, irregular collection services, inadequate equipment used for waste collection, inadequate legal provisions, and resource constraints are additional factors that are confirmed to be challenging the waste management scenarios in all DCs today. The research takes those factors under consideration but focuses on the educational gap and the results revealed interesting trends a significant relationship between respondent’s educational attainment and their awareness of hazardous waste (hazard perception); the results will indicate the measure taking required to avoid accidents occurred in those regions (burns from toxics, cuts from sharps, etc). National policy and legislation development based on the research outcomes will ensure equitable and accessible services are in place in order to move towards a healthier environment. Specialized health education and training programs on national scale are also needed to enhance awareness on hazardous waste.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Institute of Environmental and Water Studies, Birzeit University, Birzeit, Palestine (Country Unknown)
  2. Laboratory of Heat Transfer and Environmental Engineering, Dpt. of Mechanical Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Box 483, 54006 Thessaloniki (Greece)
  3. Faculty of Graduate Studies, Birzeit University, Birzeit, Palestine (Country Unknown)
  4. The Joint Services Council for Solid Waste Management for Hebron and Bethlehem Governorates JSC-H&B, West Bank (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22470207
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Waste Management; Journal Volume: 36; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2014 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; ACCIDENTS; DECISION MAKING; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION; HAZARDS; LEGAL ASPECTS; LIMITING VALUES; MANPOWER; MUNICIPAL WASTES; PLANNING; SOLID WASTES; TOXICITY; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE PROCESSING