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Title: 50-plus years of fungal viruses

Mycoviruses are widespread in all major taxa of fungi. They are transmitted intracellularly during cell division, sporogenesis, and/or cell-to-cell fusion (hyphal anastomosis), and thus their life cycles generally lack an extracellular phase. Their natural host ranges are limited to individuals within the same or closely related vegetative compatibility groups, although recent advances have established expanded experimental host ranges for some mycoviruses. Most known mycoviruses have dsRNA genomes packaged in isometric particles, but an increasing number of positive- or negative-strand ssRNA and ssDNA viruses have been isolated and characterized. Although many mycoviruses do not have marked effects on their hosts, those that reduce the virulence of their phytopathogenic fungal hosts are of considerable interest for development of novel biocontrol strategies. Mycoviruses that infect endophytic fungi and those that encode killer toxins are also of special interest. Structural analyses of mycoviruses have promoted better understanding of virus assembly, function, and evolution. - Highlights: • Historical perspective of fungal virus research. • Description, classification and diversity of fungal virus families. • Structural features of fungal virus particles. • Hypovirulence and exploitation of mycoviruses in biological control of plant pathogenic fungi.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Plant Pathology Department, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)
  2. Department of Structure of Macromolecules, Centro Nacional Biotecnologıa/CSIC, Campus de Cantoblanco, Madrid (Spain)
  3. State Key Lab of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei Province (China)
  4. Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)
  5. Institute of Plant Science and Resources, Okayama University, Kurashiki, Okayama (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22470167
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Virology; Journal Volume: 479-480; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CELL DIVISION; CLASSIFICATION; COMPATIBILITY; CONTROL; EVOLUTION; FUNGI; HOST; LIFE CYCLE; PARTICLES; TOXINS; VIRULENCE; VIRUSES