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Title: Radiation Protection Methods for the Interventionalist’s Hands: Use of an Extension Tube

PurposeCumulative radiation exposure to the hands during certain interventional procedures may be high. It is important to decrease the amount of radiation to the operator due to the possibility of deterministic effects. We performed a pilot study to demonstrate a significant decrease in operator dose when using extension tubing (ET) in combination with shielding and collimation during a simulated percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram (PTC) procedure.MethodsA whole body, anthropomorphic phantom was used to simulate the patient. A Unfors-Xi Survey detector (to measure scatter) supported by a retort stand and trolley was placed in various positions to simulate the position of hands and eyes/thyroid of an interventionalist. Radiation dose was measured simulating left and right-sided PTC punctures with and without a lead shield, and with and without ET.ResultsRegarding the radiation dose to the hands; the use of an ET reduces dose by 54 % in right-sided PTC punctures without a shield and by 91 % if used in combination with a shield. For left-sided PTC punctures, ET reduces hand dose by 75 %. The use of collimation decreases hand dose by approximately 60 %. The use of shielding reduces dose to the eyes/thyroid by 98 %.ConclusionsThe dose to the hands can be significantly reduced with the appropriate usemore » of a shield, ET, and tight collimation. The use of a shield is paramount to reduce dose to the eyes/thyroid. It is important for interventionalists to adhere to radiation protective practice considering the potential deterministic effects during a lifelong career.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Princess Alexandra Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (Australia)
  2. Princess Alexandra Hospital, Biomedical Technology Services, Health Services Support Agency (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22470019
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; Journal Volume: 38; Journal Issue: 2; Conference: BSIR 2014: Britisch Society of Interventional Radiology 2014 annual meeting, Liverpool (United Kingdom), 12-14 Nov 2014; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE); http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; APPROXIMATIONS; EYES; GEOCHEMICAL SURVEYS; GEOPHYSICAL SURVEYS; HANDS; LEAD; PATIENTS; PHANTOMS; PLATINUM CARBIDES; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATION PROTECTION; SHIELDING; SHIELDS; SIMULATION; THYROID