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Title: Quantum Hall effect in semiconductor systems with quantum dots and antidots

The integer quantum Hall effect in systems of semiconductor quantum dots and antidots is studied theoretically as a factor of temperature. It is established that the conditions for carrier localization in quantum-dot systems favor the observation of the quantum Hall effect at higher temperatures than in quantum-well systems. The obtained numerical results show that the fundamental plateau corresponding to the transition between the ground and first excited Landau levels can be retained up to a temperature of T ∼ 50 K, which is an order of magnitude higher than in the case of quantum wells. Implementation of the quantum Hall effect at such temperatures requires quantum-dot systems with controllable characteristics, including the optimal size and concentration and moderate geometrical and composition fluctuations. In addition, ordered arrangement is desirable, hence quantum antidots are preferable.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22469982
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Semiconductors; Journal Volume: 49; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CHARGE CARRIERS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; FLUCTUATIONS; HALL EFFECT; IMPLEMENTATION; QUANTUM DOTS; QUANTUM WELLS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE