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Title: Double Coaxial Microcatheter Technique for Glue Embolization of Renal Arteriovenous Malformations

PurposeTo demonstrate the technical benefit of the double coaxial microcatheter technique for embolization of renal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) with n-butyl cyanoacrylate and iodized oil (glue).Materials and MethodsSix consecutive patients (1 man and 5 women; mean age 61 years; range 44–77 years) with renal AVMs were included. Five patients had hematuria, and one had a risk of heart failure due to a large intrarenal arteriovenous shunt. All patients underwent transarterial embolization using glue and the double coaxial microcatheter technique with outer 2.6F and inner 1.9F microcatheters. After glue injection, the inner microcatheter was retracted, while the outer microcatheter was retained. We assessed the complications and clinical outcomes of this technique.ResultsTechnical success was achieved in all patients. In 9 sessions, 34 feeding arteries were embolized with glue using the double coaxial microcatheter technique, 1 was embolized with glue using a single microcatheter, and 2 were embolized with coils. The double coaxial microcatheter technique was useful for selecting small tortuous feeding arteries, preventing glue reflux to the proximal arteries, and approaching multiple feeding arteries without complete retraction of the microcatheters. As a minor complication, glue migrated into the venous system in four patients without any sequelae. In all patients, favorable clinical outcomes, including hematuria cessationmore » in five patients and improvement of the large intrarenal arteriovenous shunt in one patient, were obtained without deterioration of renal function.ConclusionGlue embolization with the double coaxial microcatheter technique was useful for treating renal AVMs with multiple tortuous feeding arteries.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ; ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [2]
  1. University of Tsukuba Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)
  2. University of Tsukuba, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine (Japan)
  3. Tsukuba Medical Center Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)
  4. Ibaraki Prefectural Central Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)
  5. Tsukuba Medical Center Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22469745
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology; Journal Volume: 38; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE); http://www.springer-ny.com; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ARTERIES; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; BYPASSES; FEEDING; HAZARDS; HEART FAILURE; INJECTION; KIDNEYS; MALFORMATIONS; OILS; PATIENTS; VASCULAR DISEASES; WOMEN