skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Inhibitory effect of 1,2,4,5-tetramethoxybenzene on mast cell-mediated allergic inflammation through suppression of IκB kinase complex

As the importance of allergic disorders such as atopic dermatitis and allergic asthma, research on potential drug candidates becomes more necessary. Mast cells play an important role as initiators of allergic responses through the release of histamine; therefore, they should be the target of pharmaceutical development for the management of allergic inflammation. In our previous study, anti-allergic effect of extracts of Amomum xanthioides was demonstrated. To further investigate improved candidates, 1,2,4,5-tetramethoxybenzene (TMB) was isolated from methanol extracts of A. xanthioides. TMB dose-dependently attenuated the degranulation of mast cells without cytotoxicity by inhibiting calcium influx. TMB decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin (IL)-4 at both the transcriptional and translational levels. Increased expression of these cytokines was caused by translocation of nuclear factor-κB into the nucleus, and it was hindered by suppressing activation of IκB kinase complex. To confirm the effect of TMB in vivo, the ovalbumin (OVA)-induced active systemic anaphylaxis (ASA) and IgE-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) models were used. In the ASA model, hypothermia was decreased by oral administration of TMB, which attenuated serum histamine, OVA-specific IgE, and IL-4 levels. Increased pigmentation of Evans blue was reduced by TMB in a dose-dependent mannermore » in the PCA model. Our results suggest that TMB is a possible therapeutic candidate for allergic inflammatory diseases that acts through the inhibition of mast cell degranulation and expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. - Highlights: • TMB reduced the degranulation of mast cells. • TMB inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. • TMB suppressed both active and passive anaphylaxis. • Anti-allergic inflammatory effects of TMB might be due to the blocking IKK complex. • TMB might be a candidate for the treatment of allergic inflammatory diseases.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [2] ;  [6] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 700-422 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 712-749 (Korea, Republic of)
  3. Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, CHA Gumi Medical Center, CHA University, Gumi 730-040 (Korea, Republic of)
  4. Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu 704-701 (Korea, Republic of)
  5. College of Pharmacy, Woosuk University, Jeonju 565-701 (Korea, Republic of)
  6. Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, Gachon University, Incheon 406-840 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22465812
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; Journal Volume: 287; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ANAPHYLAXIS; ASTHMA; CALCIUM; DERMATITIS; DOSES; EVANS BLUE; HISTAMINE; HYPOTHERMIA; IN VIVO; INFLAMMATION; INHIBITION; LYMPHOKINES; MAST CELLS; METHANOL; ORAL ADMINISTRATION; OVA; OVALBUMIN; RADIOPROTECTIVE SUBSTANCES; TOXICITY