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Title: Role of p53–fibrinolytic system cross-talk in the regulation of quartz-induced lung injury

Silica is the major component of airborne dust generated by wind, manufacturing and/or demolition. Chronic occupational inhalation of silica dust containing crystalline quartz is by far the predominant form of silicosis in humans. Silicosis is a progressive lung disease that typically arises after a very long latency and is a major occupational concern with no known effective treatment. The mechanism of silicosis is not clearly understood. However, silicosis is associated with increased cell death, expression of redox enzymes and pro-fibrotic cytokines and chemokines. Since alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) death and disruption of alveolar fibrinolysis is often associated with both acute and chronic lung injuries, we explored whether p53-mediated changes in the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system contributes to silica-induced lung injury. We further sought to determine whether caveolin-1 scaffolding domain peptide (CSP), which inhibits p53 expression, mitigates lung injury associated with exposure to silica. Lung tissues and AECs isolated from wild-type (WT) mice exposed to silica exhibit increased apoptosis, p53 and PAI-1, and suppression of uPA expression. Treatment of WT mice with CSP inhibits PAI-1, restores uPA expression and prevents AEC apoptosis by suppressing p53, which is otherwise induced in mice exposed to silica. The process involves CSP-mediated inhibition ofmore » serine-15 phosphorylation of p53 by inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A-C (PP2A-C) interaction with silica-induced caveolin-1 in AECs. These observations suggest that changes in the p53–uPA fibrinolytic system cross-talk contribute to lung injury caused by inhalation of silica dust containing crystalline quartz and is protected by CSP by targeting this pathway. - Highlights: • Chronic exposure to quartz dusts is a major cause of lung injury and silicosis. • The survival of patients with silicosis is bleak due to lack of effective treatments. • This study defines a new role of p53–uPA cross-talk in quartz-induced lung injury. • Targeting the p53–uPA system inhibits ATII cell/lung injury due to quartz exposure.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Texas Lung Injury Institute, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler, 11937 US Highway 271, Tyler, TX 75708 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Occupational Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler, 11937 US Highway 271, Tyler, TX 75708 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22465704
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; Journal Volume: 283; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ANIMAL TISSUES; APOPTOSIS; CHRONIC EXPOSURE; DUSTS; FIBRINOLYSIS; HUMAN POPULATIONS; INHALATION; INJURIES; INTERACTIONS; LUNGS; MICE; PATIENTS; PHOSPHORYLATION; PLASMINOGEN; PNEUMOCONIOSES; QUARTZ; SILICA; UROKINASE; WIND