skip to main content

Title: A coupled ordinates method for solution acceleration of rarefied gas dynamics simulations

Non-equilibrium rarefied flows are frequently encountered in a wide range of applications, including atmospheric re-entry vehicles, vacuum technology, and microscale devices. Rarefied flows at the microscale can be effectively modeled using the ellipsoidal statistical Bhatnagar–Gross–Krook (ESBGK) form of the Boltzmann kinetic equation. Numerical solutions of these equations are often based on the finite volume method (FVM) in physical space and the discrete ordinates method in velocity space. However, existing solvers use a sequential solution procedure wherein the velocity distribution functions are implicitly coupled in physical space, but are solved sequentially in velocity space. This leads to explicit coupling of the distribution function values in velocity space and slows down convergence in systems with low Knudsen numbers. Furthermore, this also makes it difficult to solve multiscale problems or problems in which there is a large range of Knudsen numbers. In this paper, we extend the coupled ordinates method (COMET), previously developed to study participating radiative heat transfer, to solve the ESBGK equations. In this method, at each cell in the physical domain, distribution function values for all velocity ordinates are solved simultaneously. This coupled solution is used as a relaxation sweep in a geometric multigrid method in the spatial domain. Enhancementsmore » to COMET to account for the non-linearity of the ESBGK equations, as well as the coupled implementation of boundary conditions, are presented. The methodology works well with arbitrary convex polyhedral meshes, and is shown to give significantly faster solutions than the conventional sequential solution procedure. Acceleration factors of 5–9 are obtained for low to moderate Knudsen numbers on single processor platforms.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. NNSA PRISM: Center for Prediction of Reliability, Integrity and Survivability of Microsystems (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22465625
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Computational Physics; Journal Volume: 289; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 97 MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND COMPUTING; BOLTZMANN EQUATION; BOUNDARY CONDITIONS; CONVERGENCE; DISCRETE ORDINATE METHOD; DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS; HEAT TRANSFER; NUMERICAL SOLUTION; RAREFIED GASES; SIMULATION; VELOCITY