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Title: Iptakalim inhibits PDGF-BB-induced human airway smooth muscle cells proliferation and migration

Chronic airway diseases are characterized by airway remodeling which is attributed partly to the proliferation and migration of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). ATP-sensitive potassium (K{sub ATP}) channels have been identified in ASMCs. Mount evidence has suggested that K{sub ATP} channel openers can reduce airway hyperresponsiveness and alleviate airway remodeling. Opening K{sup +} channels triggers K{sup +} efflux, which leading to membrane hyperpolarization, preventing Ca{sup 2+}entry through closing voltage-operated Ca{sup 2+} channels. Intracellular Ca{sup 2+} is the most important regulator of muscle contraction, cell proliferation and migration. K{sup +} efflux decreases Ca{sup 2+} influx, which consequently influences ASMCs proliferation and migration. As a K{sub ATP} channel opener, iptakalim (Ipt) has been reported to restrain the proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) involved in vascular remodeling, while little is known about its impact on ASMCs. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of Ipt on human ASMCs and the mechanisms underlying. Results obtained from cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry and 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU) incorporation showed that Ipt significantly inhibited platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced ASMCs proliferation. ASMCs migration induced by PDGF-BB was also suppressed by Ipt in transwell migration and scratch assay. Besides, the phosphorylation of Ca{sup 2+}/calmodulin-dependentmore » kinase II (CaMKII), extracellular regulated protein kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2), protein kinase B (Akt), and cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element binding protein (CREB) were as well alleviated by Ipt administration. Furthermore, we found that the inhibition of Ipt on the PDGF-BB-induced proliferation and migration in human ASMCs was blocked by glibenclamide (Gli), a selective K{sub ATP} channel antagonist. These findings provide a strong evidence to support that Ipt antagonize the proliferating and migrating effects of PDGF-BB on human ASMCs through opening K{sub ATP} channels. Altogether, our results highlighted a novel profile of Ipt as a potent option against the airway remodeling in chronic airway diseases. - Highlights: Iptakalim is a novel ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener. Iptakalim showed anti-proliferation and anti-migration effects on PDGF-BB-induced human airway smooth muscle cells. Inhibitory effects of Iptakalim could be abolished by glibenclamide, a selective K{sub ATP} channel antagonist. Inhibitory effects of Iptakalim involved the signaling pathways of CaMKII, ERK1/2 and Akt, as well as their downstream, CREB.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22462317
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Experimental Cell Research; Journal Volume: 336; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; AMP; ATP; CALCIUM IONS; CALMODULIN; CELL PROLIFERATION; DEOXYURIDINE; DISEASES; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; GROWTH FACTORS; HUMAN POPULATIONS; INHIBITION; KAONS PLUS; MIGRATION; MUSCLES; OPENINGS; PHOSPHORYLATION; PHOSPHOTRANSFERASES; POTASSIUM; POTASSIUM IONS; PROLIFERATION; SUPPORTS