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Title: EphB4 localises to the nucleus of prostate cancer cells

The EphB4 receptor tyrosine kinase is over-expressed in a variety of different epithelial cancers including prostate where it has been shown to be involved in survival, migration and angiogenesis. We report here that EphB4 also resides in the nucleus of prostate cancer cell lines. We used in silico methods to identify a bipartite nuclear localisation signal (NLS) in the extracellular domain and a monopartite NLS sequence in the intracellular kinase domain of EphB4. To determine whether both putative NLS sequences were functional, fragments of the EphB4 sequence containing each NLS were cloned to create EphB4NLS-GFP fusion proteins. Localisation of both NLS-GFP proteins to the nuclei of transfected cells was observed, demonstrating that EphB4 contains two functional NLS sequences. Mutation of the key amino residues in both NLS sequences resulted in diminished nuclear accumulation. As nuclear translocation is often dependent on importins we confirmed that EphB4 and importin-α can interact. To assess if nuclear EphB4 could be implicated in gene regulatory functions potential EphB4-binding genomic loci were identified using chromatin immunoprecipitation and Lef1 was confirmed as a potential target of EphB4-mediated gene regulation. These novel findings add further complexity to the biology of this important cancer-associated receptor. - Highlights: • Themore » EphB4 protein can be found in the nucleus of prostate cancer cell lines. • EphB4 contains two functional nuclear localisation signals. • Chromatin immunoprecipitation has identified potential genome sequences to which EphB4 binds. • Lef1 is a confirmed target for EphB4-mediated gene regulation.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Woolloongabba, QLD (Australia)
  2. (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22462276
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Experimental Cell Research; Journal Volume: 333; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; ACTIN; ANGIOGENESIS; CHROMATIN; FIBROBLASTS; FLUORESCENCE; GENE REGULATION; GROWTH FACTORS; MICE; MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES; MUTATIONS; NEOPLASMS; PETROLEUM RESIDUES; PROSTATE; RABBITS; RECEPTORS; RNA; TRANSLOCATION; TYROSINE