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Title: Thrombospondin-1, -2 and -5 have differential effects on vascular smooth muscle cell physiology

Introduction: The thrombospondins (TSPs) are matricellular proteins that exert multifunctional effects by binding cytokines, cell-surface receptors and other proteins. TSPs play important roles in vascular pathobiology and are all expressed in arterial lesions. The differential effects of TSP-1, -2, and -5 represent a gap in knowledge in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) physiology. Our objective is to determine if structural differences of the TSPs imparted different effects on VSMC functions critical to the formation of neointimal hyperplasia. We hypothesize that TSP-1 and -2 induce similar patterns of migration, proliferation and gene expression, while the effects of TSP-5 are different. Methods: Human aortic VSMC chemotaxis was tested for TSP-2 and TSP-5 (1–40 μg/mL), and compared to TSP-1 and serum-free media (SFM) using a modified Boyden chamber. Next, VSMCs were exposed to TSP-1, TSP-2 or TSP-5 (0.2–40 μg/mL). Proliferation was assessed by MTS assay. Finally, VSMCs were exposed to TSP-1, TSP-2, TSP-5 or SFM for 3, 6 or 24 h. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed on 96 genes using a microfluidic card. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA or t-test, with p < 0.05 being significant. Results: TSP-1, TSP-2 and TSP-5 at 20 μg/mL all induce chemotaxis 3.1 fold compared to serum-free media. TSP-1 and TSP-2 induced proliferationmore » 53% and 54% respectively, whereas TSP-5 did not. In the gene analysis, overall, cardiovascular system development and function is the canonical pathway most influenced by TSP treatment, and includes multiple growth factors, cytokines and proteases implicated in cellular migration, proliferation, vasculogenesis, apoptosis and inflammation pathways. Conclusions and relevance: The results of this study indicate TSP-1, -2, and -5 play active roles in VSMC physiology and gene expression. Similarly to TSP-1, VSMC chemotaxis to TSP-2 and -5 is dose-dependent. TSP-1 and -2 induces VSMC proliferation, but TSP-5 does not, likely due conservation of N-terminal domains in TSP-1 and -2. In addition, TSP-1, -2 and -5 significantly affect VSMC gene expression; however, little overlap exists in the specific genes altered. This study further delineates TSP-1, -2 and -5's contributions to processes related to VSMC physiology. - Highlights: • We examined the effects of three different thrombospondins on smooth muscle cells. • Thrombospondins −1, −2, −5 all increase smooth muscle cell migration. • Thrombospondins −1 and −2, but not −5, increase smooth muscle cell proliferation. • All three thrombospondins exhibit temporally distinct patterns of gene expression. • Thrombospondins −1 and −2 display distinct patterns of gene expression.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. SUNY Upstate Medical University, Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Services, Syracuse, NY (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22462235
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications; Journal Volume: 464; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; APOPTOSIS; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; CELL PROLIFERATION; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DOSES; GENES; HUMAN POPULATIONS; INFLAMMATION; LYMPHOKINES; MUSCLES; PHYSIOLOGY; POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION; RECEPTORS; SURFACES