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Title: H{sub 2}S does not regulate proliferation via T-type Ca{sup 2+} channels

T-type Ca{sup 2+} channels (Cav3.1, 3.2 and 3.3) strongly influence proliferation of various cell types, including vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and certain cancers. We have recently shown that the gasotransmitter carbon monoxide (CO) inhibits T-type Ca{sup 2+} channels and, in so doing, attenuates proliferation of VSMC. We have also shown that the T-type Ca{sup 2+} channel Cav3.2 is selectively inhibited by hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) whilst the other channel isoforms (Cav3.1 and Cav3.3) are unaffected. Here, we explored whether inhibition of Cav3.2 by H{sub 2}S could account for the anti-proliferative effects of this gasotransmitter. H{sub 2}S suppressed proliferation in HEK293 cells expressing Cav3.2, as predicted by our previous observations. However, H{sub 2}S was similarly effective in suppressing proliferation in wild type (non-transfected) HEK293 cells and those expressing the H{sub 2}S insensitive channel, Cav3.1. Further studies demonstrated that T-type Ca{sup 2+} channels in the smooth muscle cell line A7r5 and in human coronary VSMCs strongly influenced proliferation. In both cell types, H{sub 2}S caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of proliferation, yet by far the dominant T-type Ca{sup 2+} channel isoform was the H{sub 2}S-insensitive channel, Cav3.1. Our data indicate that inhibition of T-type Ca{sup 2+} channel-mediated proliferation by H{sub 2}S ismore » independent of the channels’ sensitivity to H{sub 2}S. - Highlights: • T-type Ca{sup 2+} channels regulate proliferation and are sensitive to the gasotransmitters CO and H{sub 2}S. • H{sub 2}S reduced proliferation in HEK293 cells expressing the H{sub 2}S sensitive Cav3.2 channel. • H{sub 2}S also inhibited proliferation in non-transfected cells and HEK293 cells expressing Cav3.1. • Native smooth muscle cells primarily express Cav3.1. Their proliferation was also inhibited by H{sub 2}S. • Unlike CO, H{sub 2}S does not regulate smooth muscle proliferation via T-type Ca{sup 2+} channel inhibition.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22462080
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications; Journal Volume: 461; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CALCIUM; CALCIUM IONS; CARBON MONOXIDE; CELL PROLIFERATION; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CORONARIES; HYDROGEN SULFIDES; INHIBITION; MUSCLES; NEOPLASMS