skip to main content

Title: NDR1 modulates the UV-induced DNA-damage checkpoint and nucleotide excision repair

Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is the sole mechanism of UV-induced DNA lesion repair in mammals. A single round of NER requires multiple components including seven core NER factors, xeroderma pigmentosum A–G (XPA–XPG), and many auxiliary effector proteins including ATR serine/threonine kinase. The XPA protein helps to verify DNA damage and thus plays a rate-limiting role in NER. Hence, the regulation of XPA is important for the entire NER kinetic. We found that NDR1, a novel XPA-interacting protein, modulates NER by modulating the UV-induced DNA-damage checkpoint. In quiescent cells, NDR1 localized mainly in the cytoplasm. After UV irradiation, NDR1 accumulated in the nucleus. The siRNA knockdown of NDR1 delayed the repair of UV-induced cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers in both normal cells and cancer cells. It did not, however, alter the expression levels or the chromatin association levels of the core NER factors following UV irradiation. Instead, the NDR1-depleted cells displayed reduced activity of ATR for some set of its substrates including CHK1 and p53, suggesting that NDR1 modulates NER indirectly via the ATR pathway. - Highlights: • NDR1 is a novel XPA-interacting protein. • NDR1 accumulates in the nucleus in response to UV irradiation. • NDR1 modulates NER (nucleotide excision repair) bymore » modulating the UV-induced DNA-damage checkpoint response.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Biological Science, Dong-A University, Busan (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Research Center, Dongnam Institute of Radiological & Medical Sciences, Busan (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22462073
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications; Journal Volume: 461; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; CHROMATIN; CONGENITAL DISEASES; CYTOPLASM; DNA; DNA DAMAGES; EXCISION REPAIR; HEREDITARY DISEASES; IRRADIATION; MAMMALS; NEOPLASMS; NUCLEOTIDES; PROTEINS; PYRIMIDINE DIMERS; SERINE; SKIN DISEASES; THREONINE