skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Sparing Healthy Tissue and Increasing Tumor Dose Using Bayesian Modeling of Geometric Uncertainties for Planning Target Volume Personalization

Objective: To develop a mathematical tool that can update a patient's planning target volume (PTV) partway through a course of radiation therapy to more precisely target the tumor for the remainder of treatment and reduce dose to surrounding healthy tissue. Methods and Materials: Daily on-board imaging was used to collect large datasets of displacements for patients undergoing external beam radiation therapy for solid tumors. Bayesian statistical modeling of these geometric uncertainties was used to optimally trade off between displacement data collected from previously treated patients and the progressively accumulating data from a patient currently partway through treatment, to optimally predict future displacements for that patient. These predictions were used to update the PTV position and margin width for the remainder of treatment, such that the clinical target volume (CTV) was more precisely targeted. Results: Software simulation of dose to CTV and normal tissue for 2 real prostate displacement datasets consisting of 146 and 290 patients treated with a minimum of 30 fractions each showed that re-evaluating the PTV position and margin width after 8 treatment fractions reduced healthy tissue dose by 19% and 17%, respectively, while maintaining CTV dose. Conclusion: Incorporating patient-specific displacement patterns from early in a course ofmore » treatment allows PTV adaptation for the remainder of treatment. This substantially reduces the dose to healthy tissues and thus can reduce radiation therapy–induced toxicities, improving patient outcomes.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [5] ;  [2] ;  [6] ;  [5] ;  [7] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Biostatistics and Clinical Trials, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne (Australia)
  2. (Australia)
  3. School of Mathematical Sciences, Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane (Australia)
  4. Department of Radiation Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne (Australia)
  5. Northern Sydney Cancer Centre, Radiation Oncology Department, Royal North Shore Hospital, St. Leonards, Sydney (Australia)
  6. Department of Radiation Therapy, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne (Australia)
  7. The Sir Peter MacCallum Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22458740
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics; Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; ANIMAL TISSUES; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; COMPUTER CODES; DATASETS; EXTERNAL BEAM RADIATION THERAPY; FORECASTING; GEOMETRY; NEOPLASMS; PATIENTS; PLANNING; PROSTATE; RADIATION DOSES; TOOLS; TOXICITY