skip to main content

Title: Phase 1/2 Trials of Temozolomide, Motexafin Gadolinium, and 60-Gy Fractionated Radiation for Newly Diagnosed Supratentorial Glioblastoma Multiforme: Final Results of RTOG 0513

Purpose: The purpose of phase 1 was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of motexafin gadolinium (MGd) given concurrently with temozolomide (TMZ) and radiation therapy (RT) in patients with newly diagnosed supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Phase 2 determined whether this combination improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in GBM recursive partitioning analysis class III to V patients compared to therapies for recently published historical controls. Methods and Materials: Dose escalation in phase 1 progressed through 3 cohorts until 2 of 6 patients experienced dose-limiting toxicity or a dose of 5 mg/kg was reached. Once MTD was established, a 1-sided 1-sample log-rank test at significance level of .1 had 85% power to detect a median survival difference (13.69 vs 18.48 months) with 60 deaths over a 12-month accrual period and an additional 18 months of follow-up. OS and PFS were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: In phase 1, 24 patients were enrolled. The MTD established was 5 mg/kg, given intravenously 5 days a week for the first 10 RT fractions, then 3 times a week for the duration of RT. The 7 patients enrolled in the third dose level and the 94 enrolled in phase 2 received this dose. Of these 101 patients,more » 87 were eligible and evaluable. Median survival time was 15.6 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 12.9-17.6 months), not significantly different from that of the historical control (P=.36). Median PFS was 7.6 months (95% CI: 5.7-9.6 months). One patient (1%) experienced a grade 5 adverse event possibly related to therapy during the concurrent phase, and none experience toxicity during adjuvant TMZ therapy. Conclusions: Treatment was well tolerated, but median OS did not reach improvement specified by protocol compared to historical control, indicating that the combination of standard RT with TMZ and MGd did not achieve a significant survival advantage.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [4] ;  [10]
  1. Arizona Oncology Services Foundation, Scottsdale, Arizona (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Statistical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)
  4. Barrow Neurological Institute, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona (United States)
  5. University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida (United States)
  6. St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)
  7. University of Wisconsin Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin (United States)
  8. Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (United States)
  9. University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington (United States)
  10. Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22458669
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics; Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONTROL; DEATH; DIAGNOSIS; GADOLINIUM; GLIOMAS; PATIENTS; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; SURVIVAL TIME; TOXICITY