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Title: A scenario for inflationary magnetogenesis without strong coupling problem

Cosmological magnetic fields pervade the entire universe, from small to large scales. Since they apparently extend into the intergalactic medium, it is tantalizing to believe that they have a primordial origin, possibly being produced during inflation. However, finding consistent scenarios for inflationary magnetogenesis is a challenging theoretical problem. The requirements to avoid an excessive production of electromagnetic energy, and to avoid entering a strong coupling regime characterized by large values for the electromagnetic coupling constant, typically allow one to generate only a tiny amplitude of magnetic field during inflation. We propose a scenario for building gauge-invariant models of inflationary magnetogenesis potentially free from these issues. The idea is to derivatively couple a dynamical scalar, not necessarily the inflaton, to fermionic and electromagnetic fields during the inflationary era. Such couplings give additional freedom to control the time-dependence of the electromagnetic coupling constant during inflation. This fact allows us to find conditions to avoid the strong coupling problems that affect many of the existing models of magnetogenesis. We do not need to rely on a particular inflationary set-up for developing our scenario, that might be applied to different realizations of inflation. On the other hand, specific requirements have to be imposed onmore » the dynamics of the scalar derivatively coupled to fermions and electromagnetism, that we are able to satisfy in an explicit realization of our proposal.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Swansea University,Swansea, SA2 8PP (United Kingdom)
  2. (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22458433
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 03; Other Information: PUBLISHER-ID: JCAP03(2015)040; OAI: oai:repo.scoap3.org:9683; cc-by Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Sponsoring Org:
SCOAP3, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; COSMOLOGICAL INFLATION; COUPLING CONSTANTS; ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS; ELECTROMAGNETISM; FERMIONS; GAUGE INVARIANCE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; ORIGIN; STRONG-COUPLING MODEL; TIME DEPENDENCE; UNIVERSE