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Title: The effects of QCD equation of state on the relic density of WIMP dark matter

Weakly Interactive Massive Particles (WIMPs) are the most widely studied candidate particles forming the cold dark matter (CDM) whose existence can be inferred from a wealth of astrophysical and cosmological observations. In the framework of the minimal cosmological model detailed measurements on the cosmic microwave background by the PLANCK collaboration fix the scaled CDM relic density to Ω{sub c}h{sup 2}=0.1193±0.0014, with an error of less than 1.5%. In order to fully exploit this observational precision, theoretical calculations should have a comparable or smaller error. In this paper we use recent lattice QCD calculations to improve the description of the thermal plasma. This affects the predicted relic density of “thermal WIMPs”, which once were in chemical equilibrium with Standard Model particles. For WIMP masses between 3 and 15 GeV, where QCD effects are most important, our predictions differ from earlier results by up to 9% (12%) for pure S-wave (P-wave) annihilation. We use these results to compute the thermally averaged WIMP annihilation cross section that reproduces the correct CDM relic density, for WIMP masses between 0.1 GeV and 10 TeV.
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics and Physikalisches Institut, Universität Bonn,Nussallee 12, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22454560
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 06; Other Information: PUBLISHER-ID: JCAP06(2015)025; OAI: oai:repo.scoap3.org:10791; Article funded by SCOAP3. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Sponsoring Org:
SCOAP3, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANNIHILATION; ASTROPHYSICS; COSMOLOGICAL MODELS; CROSS SECTIONS; EQUATIONS OF STATE; GEV RANGE; HOT PLASMA; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; P WAVES; QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS; RELICT RADIATION; S WAVES; STANDARD MODEL; TEV RANGE; WIMPS